A prefix is a group of letters that can be added at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Every prefix has a different meaning. For example, under means beneath or below.
- under+arm=beneath the arm
- under+developed=not enough
Exercise: use the prefixes to create new words
un, dis,re,mis,im,il, non, anti
+clockwise; behave; sense; possible; place; mature; happy; lucky; legal; obey.
A suffix is a letter (or a group of letters) attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to change the original word. Suffixes have meanings: dom=place or state of being. For example, free+dom; king+dom.
Exercise: dom; ship; ment;ness;ly;ous.
A common noun is a person (teacher, chef), a place (Mongolia, Adelaide) or a thing (book, laptop). A proper noun is a specific name of a person (Justin Beiber), a place (Swiss Alps) or a thing (International English Language Testing System). Notice, a proper noun is always CAPITALISED. A collective noun is a group of words used to describe a group of nouns. For example, a swarn of bees, a pride of lions, a flock of camels, a mob of kangaroos.